Spring 2021 · Vol. 50 No. 1 · pp. 122–132 

Faculty Publications 2020

Vic Froese


  • Arnold, Jobb D. Resilient Adaptations: Community Conflict Response Training Manual. Self-published, 2020. [CMU]
  • Enns-Rempel, Kevin, and Hannah Keeney. Fresno Pacific University: The First 75 Years. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishing, 2020. [FPU]
  • Friesen, Ken Martens. Energy, Economics, and Ethics: The Promise and Peril of a Global Energy Transition. London: Rowman & Littlefield International, 2020. [FPU]
  • Geddert, Tim. In God’s Image. Salt & Light (Winter 2020–21 Quarter). MennoMedia, 2020. [FPBS]
  • Huebner, Chris K. Suffering the Truth: Occasional Sermons and Reflections. Winnipeg, MB: CMU Press, 2019. [CMU]
  • Kroeker, Wendy. Multidimensional Peacebuilding: Local Actors in the Philippine Context. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2020. [CMU]
  • Roberts, Laura Schmidt, Paul Martens, and Myron A. Penner, eds. Recovering from the Anabaptist Vision: New Essays in Anabaptist Identity and Theological Method. London: T&T Clark, 2020. [FPU]


  • Arnold, Jobb D. “Being Online During the COVID-19 Pandemic.” In COVID-19 and Cultural Studies: Articulating the Pandemic [CMU] {123}
  • Doerksen, Paul G. “Restlessness as Theological Method.” In Recovering from the Anabaptist Vision: New Essays in Anabaptist Identity and Theological Method, edited by Paul Martens, Myron Penner, and Laura Schmidt Roberts, 151–67. London: T&T Clark, 2020. [CMU]
  • Howard, Melanie. “Turning Cheeks at Checkpoints: Matthew 5:38-48 as a Text of Terror or Expression of Encouragement for Immigrant Audiences?” In Preaching in/and the Borderlands, 79–91. Eugene, Oregon: Wipf and Stock, 2020. [FPU]
  • Koop, Karl. “Contours and Possibilities for an Anabaptist Theology.” In Recovering from the Anabaptist Vision: New essays in Anabaptist Identity and Theological Method, edited by Laura Schmidt Roberts, Paul Martens, and Myron Penner, 17–32. London: T&T Clark, 2020. [CMU]
  • ———. “Mennonites.” In The Encyclopedia of the Bible and its Reception. Vol. 18. Edited by Berlin/Boston: Walter de Gruyter, 2020. [CMU]
  • Kroeker, Wendy. “Peace Education in Post-Conflict Zones.” In Oxford Bibliographies in International Relations, edited by Patrick James. New York: Oxford University Press, 2020. [CMU]
  • Roberts, Laura Schmidt. “Practical Formation: Teaching Critical Thinking via Ricoeur’s Hermeneutical Model.” In Paul Ricoeur and the Hope of Higher Education: The Just University, edited by Daniel Boscaljon and Jeffrey F. Keuss, 57–76. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2020. [FPU]
  • ———. “Refiguration, Configuration: Tradition, Text, and Narrative Identity.” In Recovering from the Anabaptist Vision: New Essays in Anabaptist Identity and Theological Method, edited by Laura Schmidt Roberts, Paul Martens, and Myron Penner, 33–52. London: T&T Clark, 2020. [FPU]
  • Wiebe, Gregory. “Demons in Christian Thought.” In The Oxford Classical Dictionary, digital ed. Oxford University Press, June 2020. [CMU] {124}


  • Ave, Jim, Devin Beasley, and Amy Brogan. “A Comparative Investigation of Student Learning through PechaKucha Presentations in Online Higher Education.” Innovative Higher Education 45, no. 5 (October 2020): 373–86. [FPU]
  • Bartlett, Rick. “The Place We’ve Never Been.” Christian Leader, July 2020, 12–13. [TC]
  • Cherenkov, Mykhailo. “Reconciling Diversity: A Baptist Theological Perspective on the Nation in a Pluralistic Europe.” Analecta of the Ukrainian Catholic University. Theology Series, no. 7 (2020): 269–84. [TC]
  • Campbell-Enns Heather J. “In the Image of God.” Vision 21, no. 1 (2020): 42–47. [CMU]
  • Campbell-Enns Heather J., et al. “The Experience of Care Partners for Persons with Dementia Living in Rural Settings: A Qualitative Systematic Review Protocol.” PROSPERO 2020 (CRD42020163912). [CMU]
  • Campbell-Enns, Heather J., et al. “Mindfulness-based Arts Interventions for Cancer Care: A Systematic Review of the Effects on Wellbeing and Fatigue.” Psycho-Oncology (2020). [CMU]
  • Campbell-Enns, Heather J., et al. “No Other Safe Care Option: Nursing Home Admission as a Last Resort Strategy.” The Gerontologist 60, no. 8 (2020): 1504–14. [CMU]
  • De La Cruz, Génesis, Lennin De León, Ariadna Bethancourt, Nivia Ríos, *Rachel Krause and Nidia Sandoval. “Antagonistic Effects of Native Strains of the Soil Fungus Paecilomyces against Gastrointestinal Nematode and Protozoan Parasites of Pigs in Panama.” Journal of Parasitic Disease 27 (October 2020): 1–7. [CMU]
  • Doerksen, Paul G. “The Experience of Hoping for Experience.” Vision 21, no. 1 (2020): 31–35. [CMU] {125}
  • ———. “Introduction: Anabaptist Theology Needs Disability Theology.” Conrad Grebel Review 38, no. 2 (Spring 2020): 90–93. [CMU]
  • Dueck, Gil. “Reading the Bible with Our Phones . . . Off.” Direction 49, no. 2 (2020): 141–53. [CBC]
  • Dyck, Andrew. “Mennonite Brethren Encounters with Ignatian, Taizé, and Benedictine Spiritual Practices.” Conrad Grebel Review 38, no. 1 (Winter 2020): 17–39. [CMU]
  • Evans, Christina Pehl. “The Politics of Music: Women’s Music Education in the United States in the Late 18th Century.” Current Musicology, no. 105 (Fall 2019): 21–41. [FPU]
  • Friesen, Ken Martens. “A Mennonite Call to Simplicity.” Direction 49, no. 1 (2020): 42–51. [FPU]
  • Geddert, Tim. “The Authoritative Function of Scripture.” Direction 49, no. 2 (2020): 154–64. [FPBS]
  • ———. “Choices: Loving God in the Kitchen and at the Feet of Jesus.” The Christian Leader, February 2020. [FPBS]
  • ———. “Comings and Goings: Reflections on the Why’s and How’s of Our Journeys.” The Christian Leader, July 2020. [FPBS]
  • ———. “Wohl den Menschen, die Kraft Finden in Dir.” Mennonitisches Jahrbuch, 2021. [FPBS]
  • Gilbert, Pierre. “On the Relationship between Biblical and Systematic Theology.” Direction 49, no. 2 (2020): 178–93. [MBBSC]
  • Heidebrecht, Doug. “Community Hermeneutics in Practice: Following the Interpretive Path Together.” Direction 49, no. 2 (2020): 123–40. [MBBSC]
  • Heidebrecht, Doug, and Mark Wessner. “Interpreting Scripture Today: A Mennonite Brethren Model and Method.” Direction 49, no. 2 (2020): 115–22. [MBBSC] {126}
  • Howard, Melanie. “From Ashes of Destruction to a Bright Future.” Anabaptist World, September 16, 2020. [FPU]
  • ———. “Jesus’s Healing Ministry in New Perspective: Toward a Cultural Model of Disability in Anabaptist-Mennonite Hermeneutics.” Conrad Grebel Review 38, no. 2 (Spring 2020): 94–106. [FPU]
  • ———. “Updating the Bible?!? Working with Biblical Texts for Corporate Worship.” Menno Snapshots Blog for Mennonite USA (blog), April 1, 2020. [FPU]
  • ———. “What Does Athens Have to Do with the Classroom? Looking to Paul in Teaching and Learning with First-Generation Latino College Students.” Didaktikos: Journal of Theological Education, November 2020, 33–35. [FPU]
  • Karime, Coulibaly Wacothon, Adiko N’dri Marcelline, Benie Anoubilé, Konan Yao Mokey Jean Baptiste, Bea Gouanda Thibaut, *James T. Titah, Kabran Aka Faustin, Ballo Daouda, and Kablan Ahmont Landry Claude. “Phytochemical Study and Antioxidant Activities on Extracts of the Leaves and Roots of Costus afer Ker Gawl. (Zingiberaceae). Oriental Journal of Chemistry 36, no. 5 (2020). [TC]
  • Kinnison, Quentin P. “God Is at Work in Us.” The Christian Leader, 16 March 2020. [FPU]
  • ———. “Loving Those Who Grieve.” The Christian Leader, May 2020. [FPU]
  • *Krause, Rachel J., Marilyn E. Scott, Odalis Sinisterra, and Kristine G. Koski. “Demonstration Gardens Improve Agricultural Production, Food Security and Preschool Child Diets in Subsistence Farming Communities in Panama.” Public Health Nutrition 4 (September 2020): 1–13. [CMU]
  • Matties, Gordon. “Many Faces of Wisdom: Proverbs, the Gospels, James.” MennoMedia Adult Bible Study 84, no. 4. (Summer 2020). {127} (no longer available) [CMU]
  • Roberts, Laura Schmidt. “In the Beginning Is Relation: Reconceiving Human Creatureliness.” Direction 49, no. 1 (2020):18–27. [FPU]
  • ———. “The Theological Place of Land: Watershed Discipleship as Re-Placed Cultural Vision.” Mennonite Quarterly Review 94, no. 1 (January 2020): 59–70. [FPU]
  • Roberts, Laura Schmidt, and Michael Kunz. “Recommended Reading on Eco-Discipleship.” Direction 49, no. 1 (Spring 2020): 82–87. [FPU]
  • Thibaut, Bea Gouanda, Coulibaly Wacothon Karime, Benie Anoubilé, Kablan Ahmont Landry Claude, *James T. Titah, N’Guessan Hugues Alain, Kabran Aka Fausti, Konan Dibi Jacques, and Attioua Koffi Barthélemy. “Comparative Studies of the Phytochemical and Antioxidant Activities of the Leaves, Stems, Roots, and Seeds Extracts of Mitracarpus scaber Zucc (Rubiaceae).” Mediterranean Journal of Chemistry 10, no. 7 (2020): 668–75. [TC]


  • Teichler, R. Christopher. How Sweet the Name of Jesus Sounds. Dayton, OH: the Lorenz Corporation, 2020. [TC]


Bae, Taewook. “Nurturing Hospitality in the Midst of Fear: Focusing on the Yemeni Refugee Issue in South Korea.” Master of Arts (Peacebuilding and Collaborative Development). Canadian Mennonite University, Winnipeg, Manitoba, 2020. Advisor: Wendy Kroeker.

Abstract: During the 2018 Yemeni refugee issue in Korea, it appeared that a culture of fear could emerge and result in a social exclusion producing systematic barriers affecting the human rights of refugees. However, people may choose an opposite direction. If a hosting community nurtures what Vern Neufeld Redekop (2002) describes as a “culture of blessing,” their political system could have more space for coexistence between their citizens and refugees.

This thesis focuses on the question of how a culture of hospitality may be built. Specifically, it aims to contribute strategies {128} for heightening inclusivity and hospitality towards refugees and reducing actions based on fear. This work can be described with the concept of hospitality defined as building relationships with others while desiring their well-being. This study utilizes a qualitative approach with face-to-face semi-structured interviews as a basis to understand the experience of twenty-two interviewees’ hospitality efforts in a refugee support workplace. The research was conducted in Jeju and Suwon in Korea.

Four factors emerged as significant regarding the interviewees’ motivations to take action enhancing hospitality. First, many interviewees raised their awareness through their observations of Korean negativity, their enlightenment from media and sermons, and their firsthand experiences. Second, interviewees followed or were influenced by the hospitality practices of their own friends and acquaintances; for some interviewees, their community members’ support became the interviewees’ stepping-stones for hospitality. Third, forming friendships between Koreans and Yemenis sustained their motivations in practicing hospitality. Fourth, for the Yemeni interviewees, their culture of hospitality was a major motivation.

Based on the findings, I recommended seven strategies with potential to enhance a culture of hospitality. First, create opportunities for face-to-face meetings. Second, share stories. Third, pursue reciprocity in building relationship with refugees. Fourth, create a peace journalism program. Fifth, set up an education program to heighten sensitivity and empathy. Sixth, develop Christian teachings that recognize human dignity. Seventh, nurture communities that share a value of hospitality.

In conclusion, this thesis suggests that local actors play a role in enhancing cultural dialogue between Koreans and refugees. As mediators, they can facilitate mutual understanding by creating a space for building relationships.

Christiansen, Christopher. “Was Jesus a Mythical Figure? A Response to the Charge that Jesus of Nazareth Never Existed.” Master of Theological Studies (MTS), Mennonite Brethren Biblical Seminary / Trinity Western University, Langley, BC, 2019. Advisors: Paul Chamberlain, Brian Rapske, Kent Clarke.

Abstract: The purpose of this thesis is to examine and refute the arguments made by mythicists, who deny the historicity of Jesus of Nazareth. It begins by investigating the common features of myths in the ancient world, proceeding to compare these with the accounts of Jesus in the four Gospels. Next, it explores the history of mythicism {129} since its inception in the eighteenth century. The penultimate chapter outlines the main criticisms that mythicists level against the Gospels, and the final chapter responds to these arguments. There are two major findings of this thesis. First, the mythicists’ standard for evidence is not applied consistently. Second, they fail to show why their interpretations of the available data are better than more traditional approaches. The conclusion is that they do not provide sufficient reasons for doubting the existence of Jesus as a human in history.

Foth, Paul. “The Born-Again Friar: American Evangelical Appropriations of Saint Francis of Assisi, 1972-2013.” Master of Theological Studies (MTS), Mennonite Brethren Biblical Seminary / Trinity Western University, Langley, BC, 2019. Advisors: Bruce Guenther, Robert Burkinshaw, Donald Lewis.

Abstract: Beginning in the late twentieth century, some evangelical Protestants in America turned to historic Catholic saints as inspirational exemplars of Christian faith. A surprisingly diverse range of American evangelicals appealed to Saint Francis of Assisi because he was perceived as a quintessentially authentic Christian. Saint Francis provided historical justification for some of these evangelicals’ own ideals of Christian discipleship and served as an example for inspiration and emulation as they navigated contemporary American culture and the evolving evangelical movement. This thesis examines a range of American evangelical appropriations of Saint Francis of Assisi from 1972 to 2013, focusing on several sub-groups or movements within American evangelicalism. This examination of the evangelical reception of Saint Francis of Assisi contributes to a deeper understanding of evangelical Protestant interactions with Catholic spirituality, while also illuminating changing evangelical conceptions of what constitutes true Christian faith.

Krause, Angel. “Understanding Hispanic Women’s Emotional and Social Presence Experiences: Case Studies of Three Undergraduate Online Learners.” Doctor of Education. George Fox University, Newberg, Oregon, 2020. Advisor: Susanna Thornhill. Current position: Assistant Professor & Intern Director, Teacher Education, Fresno Pacific University.

Abstract: The purpose of this study was to describe how Hispanic women experience emotional and social presence in a fully {130} online program, as described within the Community of Inquiry framework. It focused on how participants articulated what it felt like to be their real selves during online learning experiences. This multiple case study consisted of a series of two individual interviews with three participants. The first phase of data analysis consisted of observational and theoretical memos, which focused on how participants described their emotional and social presence related to curriculum content, structure, or format. This was followed by a within-case and cross-case analysis to derive themes. Three findings emerged as elements that significantly affected participants’ ability to be themselves. They included a) the ways professors honored students’ assets, b) open access to other students/cohort and the instructor, and c) consistency in course design and facilitation. Course content and classmates minimally impacted the participants’ ability to be their real selves during learning; the instructor was the single most influential factor in the social and emotional presence experienced. Implications for future practice, including recommendations for online instructors and universities who offer online courses, indicate the importance of honoring students’ assets, open access to instructors, and intentional course design and facilitation.

Peronto, Charles. “Beyond Consent: Anabaptist Soteriology as a Resource for Sexual Ethics.” Master of Arts (Theology). Canadian Mennonite University, Winnipeg, Manitoba, 2020. Advisors: Paul Doerksen and Justin Neufeld.

Abstract: This thesis examines the use of consent as the primary adjudicator of sexual ethics and offers resources from Anabaptist soteriology, by way of analogy, in the creation of a more robust and enriched sexual ethic. Over the last thirty years consent has risen to be the primary tool universities have used to combat sexual violence on their campuses. This has, in turn, led to consent’s rise in society as the guiding principle of morally acceptable sexual contact. While heralded by many as a new dawning in sexual ethics, there are several compelling critiques to contend with. This thesis examines three primary critiques. The first is that consent does not create safer spaces but instead prioritizes legislative frameworks over the role of the community. Second, consent is unable to account for the complexity surrounding the circumstances of sexual violence. Third, consent enforces the violence of decontextualization, which is the stripping of sex’s sociological and political reality. Through the use of analogy, Anabaptist soteriology provides valuable {131} resources that do not erase consent but rather introduce several other complementary commitments. First, noncoercion, hospitality, and an understanding of the human’s broad context are embraced through the examination of free will. Second, the indivisibility of justification and sanctification yield a commitment to vulnerability and whole people which introduces healing into sexual contact. Finally, the Anabaptist practice of baptism introduces a communal understanding of sex which creates a deeper understanding of marriage as a sacrament and compels the church to re-evaluate church discipline as integral to its mission.

Peters, Jeff S. “Understanding Πνευματικός in First Corinthians: Paul’s Corrective Vision for Spirit Life.” Master of Theology (MTh). Mennonite Brethren Biblical Seminary / Trinity Western University, Langley, BC, 2020. Advisors: Larry Perkins, Sven Soderlund, Tony Cummins.

Abstract: Many English Bible translations use the term “spiritual” to translate the Greek adjective πνευματικός. Some translations are exploring alternative ways to render πνευματικός in an attempt to be more specific about what it means, indicating the word “spiritual” may not be a sufficient understanding of πνευματικός. Fifteen of twenty-six occurrences of πνευματικός in the New Testament occur in 1 Corinthians. The goal of this project is to ask, Why does Paul repeatedly use the term πνευματικός in 1 Corinthians? This project will clarify the context of 1 Corinthians and why Paul used the term πνευματικός the way he did, and will evaluate that use in light of the meaning of πνευματικός. I will argue that this adjective always means “pertaining to the πνεῦμα,” and in Paul’s letters the particular focus is almost always on the πνεῦμα of God. Paul’s usage of πνευματικός in 1 Corinthians is part of a corrective response to the distorted pneumatology of some in the Corinthian church. Paul’s vision is for an eschatological community of Christ, empowered by and living obediently to the Spirit in contrast to the schismatic, dysfunctional community that has arisen in Corinth during his absence.

Tham, Sarah Y. S. “Exploring the Self-Reflection of America Reads Tutors.” Doctor of Philosophy (Curriculum and Instruction, Literacy). Lawrence, KS: University of Kansas, 2020. Advisor: Barbara Bradley. Current position: Assistant Professor of Education, Tabor College. {132}

Abstract: This dissertation explores America Reads tutors’ self-reflections using Korthagen’s (1985) ALACT model of self-reflection. The study resulted from noticing that elementary level classroom teachers often use minimally trained tutors to help striving readers improve their literacy skills. While having teachers trained for one-on-one literacy instruction is desirable, schools are not able to provide these for striving students. The question then arose as to what minimally trained tutors could do to help those students.

Self-reflection, widely accepted as an element of quality teaching, might be a possible solution. Case studies of three minimally trained tutors in the America Reads Program in elementary schools were conducted. This study explored the journeys that each America Reads tutor made when introduced to the Korthagen ALACT model of self-reflection. It looked at what tutors reflected on, when and how reflection was done, and the lessons each participant learned from their self-reflection.

Findings indicate that tutors’ experiences varied depending on the classroom, their tutoring responsibilities, and personal reflections. Tutors who self-reflected became more aware of their actions and made better tutoring decisions. Their experiences and recollections of their self-reflection journeys were consistent with the theoretical concepts discussed. Their self-reflections improved personal and professional awareness and professional growth, and promoted the construction of new meanings and solutions based on learning from their classroom experiences. These findings have implications on how minimally trained tutors can be better supported in this program and programs like it. There is a need to focus more on developing tutors’ self-reflection skills and on promoting self-reflection systematically throughout the tutoring program.

This bibliography includes publications of faculty, emeriti, and students of schools that sponsor Direction, identified as follows:

  • Canadian Mennonite University (CMU)
  • Columbia Bible College (CBC)
  • Fresno Pacific Biblical Seminary (FPBS)
  • Fresno Pacific University (FPU)
  • Mennonite Brethren Biblical Seminary Canada (MBBSC)
  • Tabor College (TC)

In cases of multiple authors where one author is not from a sponsoring school, the author of interest is marked with an asterisk (*).