Spring 2023 · Vol. 52 No. 1 · pp. 81–94 

Faculty Publications 2022

Vic Froese


  • Ball, Donya. Adjusting the Sails: Weathering the Storms of Administrative Leadership. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2022. [FPU]
  • Carden, Allen, and Thomas J. Ebert. Abraham Lincoln and His Times: A Sourcebook on His Life, His Presidency, Slavery, and Civil War. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Co., 2022. [FPU]
  • Diduck, Alan, Kirit Patel, and Aruna Malik, eds. Advancing Environmental Justice for Marginalized Communities in India: Progress, Challenges and Opportunities. London & New York: Routledge, 2022. [CMU]
  • Dueck, Jonathan, ed. Vision: A Journal for Church and Theology 23, no. 1 (2022). Theme: “Music and the Arts.” [CMU]
  • Duerksen, Darren. Christ-Followers in Other Religions: The Global Witness of Insider Movements. Oxford, England: Regnum Publishing, 2022. [FPU]
  • Epp-Tiessen, Daniel. Joel, Obadiah, Micah. Believers Church Bible Commentary. Harrisonburg, VA: Herald Press, 2022. [CMU]
  • Guenther, Bruce L., Scott McLaren, and Todd Webb, eds. Historical Papers 2021: Canadian Society of Church History. Canadian Society of Church History, 2022. [MBS]
  • Rangel, Melinda. Iron Sharpens Iron: Daily Proverbs for Today’s Martial Artist. Melinda Rangel, 2021. [TC]
  • Roberts, Laura Schmidt, ed. Concern for Church Mission and Spiritual Gifts: Essays on Faith and Culture, 1958–1968. Concern: A Pamphlet {82} Series for Questions of Christian Renewal. Eugene, Oregon: Wipf & Stock, 2022. [FPU]
  • ———., ed. Concern for Church Polity and Discipline: Essays on Pastoral Ministry and Communal Authority, 1958–1969. Concern: A Pamphlet Series for Questions of Christian Renewal. Eugene, OR: Wipf & Stock, 2022. [FPU]
  • ———., ed. Concern for Church Renewal: Essays on Community and Discipleship, 1958–1966. Concern: A Pamphlet Series for Questions of Christian Renewal. Eugene, Oregon: Wipf & Stock, 2022. [FPU]
  • ———., ed. Concern for the Church in the World: Essays on Christian Responsibility, 1958–1963. Concern: A Pamphlet Series for Questions of Christian Renewal. Eugene, OR: Wipf & Stock, 2022. [FPU]
  • Vogt, Virgil and Laura Schmidt Roberts, eds. Concern for Anabaptist Renewal: A Radical Reformation Reader, 1971. Concern: A Pamphlet Series for Questions of Christian Renewal. Eugene, OR: Wipf & Stock, 2022. [FPU]


  • Cooper, Brian. “Religious Tolerance and Freedom of Conscience.” In T&T Clark Handbook of Anabaptism, edited by Brian C. Brewer, 387–403. London: Bloomsbury, 2022. [MBS]
  • Diduck, Alan, Kirit Patel, and Aruna Malik. “Lessons for Policy and Institutional Reform.” In Advancing Environmental Justice for Marginalized Communities in India: Progress, Challenges and Opportunities, edited by Alan Diduck, Kirit Patel, and Aruna Malik, 231–38, London: Routledge, 2022. [CMU]
  • Diduck, Alan, Richard Johnson, Esther Edwards, A. John Sinclair, James Gardner, Kirit Patel. “Small Hydro and Environmental Justice: Lessons from the Kullu District of Himachal Pradesh.” In Advancing Environmental Justice for Marginalized Communities in India: Progress, Challenges and Opportunities, edited by Alan Diduck, Kirit Patel, and Aruna Malik, 101–18. London, England: Routledge, 2022. [CMU]
  • Friesen, Delores. “Gifted, Called, Ordained.” In On Holy Ground: Stories by and about Women in Ministry Leadership in the Mennonite Brethren Church, edited by Dora Dueck, 179–90. Winnipeg: Kindred Productions, 2022. [FPU] {83}
  • Froese, Brian. “Hellfire Preachers and Preaching Satan: Conservative Evangelicalism, Satanism, and the Infernal Haunting of American Popular Religion.” Historical Papers 2021: Canadian Society of Church History, edited by Bruce L. Guenther, Scott McLaren, and Todd Webb, 73–98. Canadian Society of Church History, 2022. [CMU]
  • ———. “Prairie Preachers: William ‘Bible Bill’ Aberhart, L. E. Maxwell, and Baptist Fundamentalism in Alberta.” In Baptist Fundamentalism in Canada, edited by Paul Wilson and Taylor Murray, 205–34. Eugene, OR: Pickwick Publications, 2022. [CMU]
  • Hegde, Mahabaleshwar, Kirit Patel, Alan Diduck, and Debayan Gupta. “Karwar Fisherfolk’s’ Quest for Seeking Environmental Justice: Examining the Roles of Impact Assessment, Environmental Regulatory Agencies, and Legal Institutions.” In Advancing Environmental Justice for Marginalized Communities in India: Progress, Challenges and Opportunities, edited by Alan Diduck, Kirit Patel, and Aruna Malik, 186–200. London: Routledge, 2022. [CMU]
  • Howard, Melanie A. “La Biblia en Acento Latino: Biblical Studies for First-Generation Latinx Students.” In Teaching the Bible with Undergraduates, edited by Jocelyn McWhirter and Sylvie T. Raquel, 121–38. Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature, 2022. [FPU]
  • Koop, Karl. “Anabaptist Confessions of Faith: Diversity, Development, and Enduring Patterns.” In T&T Clark Handbook of Anabaptism, edited by Brian C. Brewer, 305–19. London: T&T Clark, 2022. [CMU]
  • Koop, Karl. “Intercessory Prayer and the Communion of Saints: a Mennonite Perspective.” In Intercessory Prayer and the Communion of Saints: Mennonite and Catholic Perspectives, edited by Darrin W. Snyder Belousek and Margaret R. Pfeil, 105–24. Kitchener, ON: Pandora Press, 2022. [CMU]
  • Krall, Amy Whisenand. “A Singing Creation: Music-Making and Christian Maturity in Colossians 3:16.” In The Art of New Creation, edited by Jeremy Begbie, Daniel Train, and W. David O. Taylor, 133–46. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press: 2022. [FPU]
  • Kroeker, Wendy. “Emancipatory Peace Building and Conflict Transformation: Mindanao as a Case Study.” In The Routledge Handbook of Peacebuilding and Ethnic Conflict, edited by Jessica Senehi, Imani {84} Michelle Scott, Sean Byrne, and Thomas Matyók, ??. New York: Routledge, 2022. [CMU]
  • Kroeker, Wendy, and Myla Leguro. “Constant Motion: Multi-Dimensional Peacebuilding for Peace Processes.” In Confronting Peace: Local Peacebuilding in the Wake of a National Peace Agreement, edited by Chris Mitchell, Landon Hancock, Susan Allen, and Cecile Mouly, 279–308. Cham, Switzerland: Palgrave Springer Nature, 2022. [CMU]
  • Letkemann, Avery, Carinne Bétournay, Bharat Patel, Kirit Patel, and Alan Diduck. “Holding International Finance Institutions Accountable for Environmental Injustice: A Case Study of the Tata Mundra Power Plant in Gujarat.” In Advancing Environmental Justice for Marginalized Communities in India: Progress, Challenges and Opportunities, edited by Alan Diduck, Kirit Patel, and Aruna Malik, 154–70. London, England: Routledge, 2022. [CMU]
  • Malik, Aruna, Alan Diduck, and Kirit Patel. “Advancing Environmental Justice: Lessons from the Thoothukudi Sterlite Copper Plant.” In Advancing Environmental Justice for Marginalized Communities in India: Progress, Challenges and Opportunities, edited by Alan Diduck, Kirit Patel, and Aruna Malik, 201–15. London, England: Routledge, 2022. [CMU]
  • Metz-Matthews, Kelly, and Michelle McConnell. “Critical Educulturalism in the Borderlands: Exploring Social Positionality and the Dialogic Processes of Culture Circles.” In Paulo Freire and Multilingual Education: Theoretical Approaches, Methodologies, and Empirical Analyses in Language and Literacy, edited by Sandro R. Barros and Luciana C De Oliveira, 127–42. New York: Routledge, 2022. [FPU]
  • Patel, Kirit, Alan Diduck, and Aruna Malik. “Environment Justice in India: Context, Issues, and Framework.” In Advancing Environmental Justice for Marginalized Communities in India: Progress, Challenges and Opportunities, edited by Alan Diduck, Kirit Patel, and Aruna Malik, 3–22. London, England: Routledge, 2022. [CMU]
  • Stobbe, S. P. “The European Refugee Crisis and Its Human Rights Impact on Forced Migrants in Greece.” In Serious International Crimes, Human Rights, and Forced Displacement, edited by James C. Simeon, 229–56. London: Routledge, 2022. [CMU] {85}
  • Tham, Sarah. “Unexpected Journey into Academia: Into the Great Plains.” In Teacher Reflections on Transitioning from K-12 to Higher Education Classrooms, edited by Amy Broemmel and Nora Vines, 348–67. Hershey, PA: IGI Global, 2022. [TC]
  • Thiessen, Karen Heidebrecht. “By Ways They Have Not Known.” In On Holy Ground: Stories by and about Women in Ministry Leadership in the Mennonite Brethren Church, edited by Dora Dueck, 21–43. Winnipeg, MB: Kindred Productions, 2022. [CBC]
  • Van Slyke, James. “Altruistic Concern for the Other and the Development of the Virtue of Humility.” In Relational Anthropology for Contemporary Economics: A Multidisciplinary Approach, edited by Jermo Van Nes, Patrick Nullens, and Steven C. van den Heuvel, 133–52. Ethical Economy: Studies in Economic Ethics and Philosophy 61. Cham, Switzerland: Springer Nature, 2022. [FPU]
  • Van Slyke, James, and D. Jason Stone. “Key Ingredients for a World Religion: Insights from Cognitive and Evolutionary Science.” In Oxford Handbook of the Cognitive Science of Religion, edited by Justin L. Barrett, 257. New York: Oxford University Press, 2022. [FPU]
  • Veiss, Suzana Dobrić. “Sensemaking in Alumni Entrepreneurs: Model for Entrepreneurship Friendly Climate.” In The Importance of Developing an Entrepreneurial Mindset (Even if you Never Wish to Become an Entrepreneur), edited by Anamarija Delić, Sunčica Oberman Peterka, and Julia Perić, 140–51. Osijek, Croatia: Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek, 2022. [FPU]


  • Barg, Darryl Neustaedter. “Toward Multiple Musical Languages in Worship.” Vision 23, no. 1 (2022): 64–69. [CMU]
  • Calvert, R. D., J. C. Fleet, P. G. Fournier, P. Juarez, et al. “Monocytic Myeloid-Derived Suppressor Cells from Tumor Tissue Are a Differentiated Cell with Limited Fate Plasticity.” ImmunoHorizons 6, no. 12 (2022): 790-806. [TC]
  • Clements, Chris D. “Nurturing a Dreaming Spirit: Pastoral Presence during the Boyhood Years.” Pastoral Psychology 71 (February 2022): 127–39. [CBC] {86}
  • Cooper, Brian. “ ‘It’s Not About You’: A Response to the Confession of Faith Usage Study.” Direction 51, no. 2 (2022): 200–205. [MBS]
  • Coulibaly Wacothon Karime, Affi Sopi Thomas, James Titah, Mamadou Guy-Richard Koné, Affoué Estelle Brigitte Yao, et al. “Anti-proliferative Activity Study on 5-Arylidene Rhodanine Derivatives Using Density Functional Theory (DFT) and Quantitative Structure Activity Relationship (QSAR).” International Journal of Computational and Theoretical Chemistry 10, no. 1 (2022): 1–8. [TC]
  • Cruz, Genesis, Lennin De León, Ariadna Bethancourt, Nivia Ríos, Rachel Krause, and Nidia Sandoval. “Antagonistic Effects of Native Strains of the Soil Fungus Paecilomyces against Multiple Protist and Nematode Gastrointestinal Parasites of Pigs in Panama.” Journal of Parasitic Diseases 45 (2021): 204–10. [CMU]
  • Davis, T. Ryan. “Pentecost and the Pneumatological Imagination: A Methodological Synthesis of the Full Gospel and the Many Tongues of Pentecost.” Journal of Pentecostal and Charismatic Christianity 42, no. 2 (2022): 110–24. [FPU]
  • Doerksen, A., M. Mulder, S. Ingram, D. Nelson, J. Defehr, E. Reimer, J. Atallah, J. N. Malagon. “Dynamics of Changes in Apical Cell Area during Sex Comb Rotation in Drosophila melanogaster.” microPublication Biology December 2022. 10.17912/micropub.biology.000668. [CMU]
  • Doerksen, Paul. “Confession as Cry of Acknowledgment.” Direction 51, no. 2 (2022): 180–86. [CMU]
  • Dueck, Jonathan. “Call and Response: A Sermon on 2 Kings 22–23.” Vision 23, no. 1 (2022): 88–95. [CMU]
  • Edmonds, Keith A., and Jason P. Rose. “Exploring the Impact of Dimensional Comparisons in Health Contexts.” Social and Personality Psychology Compass 16, no. 7 (July 2022). [FPU]
  • Fowler, Randall. “Afghanistan as Liberal Holy War in Presidential Discourse.” Journal of Communication & Religion 45, no. 2 (2022): 5–28. [FPU] {87}
  • ———. “Rules for Winsomeness.” Mere Orthodoxy (blog), September 9, 2022. [FPU]
  • ———. “The Axis of Evil Turns 20: Reflections on the State of the Union.” Mere Orthodoxy (blog), March 1, 2022. [FPU]
  • Froese, Vic. “Before Direction: A Brief History of The Voice and The Journal of Church and Society.” Direction 51, no. 1 (2022): 4–21. [CMU]
  • Geddert, Tim. “Celebrating the ‘divine-Human’ Jesus.” Christian Leader, December 2022. [FPBS]
  • ———. “Preserving Unity, Pursuing the Mission.” Christian Leader, November 2022. [FPBS]
  • ———. “We Prayed for Healing, but She Died.” Christian Leader, March 2022. [FPBS]
  • Hong, Seung Min. “Mediated Faith Coping with COVID-19: A Case Study of a Megachurch in South Korea.” Journal of Korean Religions 13, no. 2 (October 2022): 91–116. [FPU]
  • Howard, Melanie A. “A Kingdom Ripe for the Picking.” Anabaptist World, June 17, 2022. [FPU]
  • ———. “An Empire-Toppling Birth Makes Political Good News.” Anabaptist World, December 23, 2022. [FPU]
  • ———. “Commentary on 1 Corinthians 12:12-31a.” Working Preacher (blog), January 23, 2022. [FPU]
  • ———. “Commentary on 1 Corinthians 13:1-13.” Working Preacher (blog), January 30, 2022. [FPU]
  • ———. “Commentary on 1 Corinthians 15:1-11.” Working Preacher (blog), February 6, 2022. {88} [FPU]
  • ———. “Commentary on Luke 2:1-14.” Working Preacher (blog), December 24, 2022. [FPU]
  • ———. “Decolonizing the Integration of Faith and Learning.” Christian Scholars Review Blog (blog), August 17, 2022. [FPU]
  • ———. “Reading Scripture with a Disabilities Lens.” Enter the Bible (blog), n.d. [FPU]
  • ———. “Reconciliation for Me and Thee.” Anabaptist World, March 25, 2022. [FPU]
  • ———. “Walking in the Apostles’ Steps.” Anabaptist World, September 23, 2022. [FPU]
  • ———. “What the Bible Actually Says about Abortion May Surprise You.” The Conversation (blog), July 20, 2022. [FPU]
  • Jost, Lynn. “Using the MB Confession of Faith for Identity, Biblical Interpretation, and Discipleship.” Direction 51, no. 2 (2022): 165–170. [FPBS]
  • Khamis, Sahar, and Randall Fowler. “Taming the People: Comparing Protests and Populism in Arab and American Politics.” Frontiers in Communication, January 2022. [FPU]
  • Krause, Rachel J., Marilyn E. Scott, Odalis Sinisterra, and Kristine G. Koski. “Demonstration Gardens Improve Agricultural Production, Food Security, and Preschool Child Diets in Subsistence Farming Communities in Panama.” Public Health Nutrition 24, no. 5 (2021): 1104–16. [CMU]
  • Kunz, Michael. “The Thin Places of the Sierra Nevada.” Pacific Journal 17 (2022): 37–51. [FPU] {89}
  • MacDonald, Hana, Andrew Papadopoulos, Cate Dewey, Sally Humphries, Warren Dodd, Kirit Patel, and Matthew Little. “Sociodemographic Factors Associated with Knowledge of Type 2 Diabetes in Rural Tamil Nadu, India.” Rural and Remote Health 22 (2022). [CMU]
  • Mahabaleshwar Hegde, Kirit Patel, and Alan Diduck. “Environmental Clearance Conditions in Impact Assessment in India: Moving beyond Greenwash.” Impact Assessment and Project Appraisal 40, no. 3 (2022): 214–27. [CMU]
  • Miller, Douglas B. “Pain, Fairy Tales and Butterflies.” Christian Leader Mar/Apr 2022, 14–16. [TC]
  • Moist, John T., and Randall Fowler. “Making Sense of Online Space: How Rentierism Explains Big Tech.” Pacific Journal 17 (2022): 13–36. [FPU]
  • Nahar, Sarah. “Music and Inclusion in Mennonite Worship and Peace-Justice Work: An Interview with Sarah Nahar.” By Jonathan Dueck. Vision 23, no. 1 (2022): 33–42. [CMU]
  • Nekola, Anna. “Congregational Music as ‘Phatic Communication’: Affect, Atmosphere, and Relational Ways of Listening.” The Yale Journal of Music & Religion 8, no. 1 (2022): 1–22. [CMU]
  • Nickel, Eleanor Hersey. “ ‘People Come and Tell Us These Things’: Confessing Sins and Crimes in Father Brown.” The Chesterton Review 48, no. 1–2 (Spring-Summer 2022): 53–66. [FPU]
  • Richmond, Julia R., Keith A. Edmonds, Jason P. Rose, and Kim L. Gratz. “Experimental Investigation of Social Comparison as a Regulation Strategy among Young Women with Borderline Personality Symptoms.” Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment 44 (December 2022): 1077–89. [FPU]
  • Rose, Jason P., Keith A. Edmonds, Olivia Aspiras, Kayla Scamaldo, Julia R. Richmond, Matthew Tull, and Kim L. Gratz. “The Impact of Stay-at-Home Orders on Vulnerability Assessments and Precautionary Intentions during a Pandemic.” Psychology, Health & Medicine, 2022. [FPU] {90}
  • Tham, Sarah. “Functional Literacy and Trauma.” Journal of Pedagogical Dialogue (Kazakhstan), 2022: 39. [TC]
  • Titah, J. T., T. Sheets, L. Yang, H. J. Fan, et al. (2022). “Comparative Analysis of the Experimental, Computational, and Bacterial Growth Inhibition Studies on the Structure of N-Salicylidene Alanine Ni (II) Complex.” Science Journal of Chemistry 10, no. 5 (2022): 144–51. [TC]
  • Scamaldo, Kayla M., Matthew T. Tull, Keith A. Edmonds, Jason P. Rose, and Kim L. Gratz. “The Prospective Relations of Substance Use Frequency to Social Distancing Behaviors and Intentions during the COVID-19 Pandemic: The Role of Social Distancing Self-Efficacy.” Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 2022. [FPU]
  • Tull, Matthew T., Aaron A. Lee, Margaret M. Baer, Keith A. Edmonds, and Kim L. Gratz. “An Experimental Investigation of the Affect Regulating Properties of Sugar Consumption: Examining the Roles of Socially Oriented Positive and Negative Affect.” Appetite 179 (December 2022). [FPU]
  • Unruh, A. H. “Enmity toward Jews (Anti-Semitism).” Translated and introduced by Vic Froese. Direction 51, no. 1 (2022): 33–43. [CMU]
  • Wall, Cornelius. “The Holiness of God.” Translated and introduced by Vic Froese. Direction 51, no. 1 (2022): 22–32. [CMU]


  • Weisensel, Neil, composer. Li Keur: Riel’s Heart of the North. Toronto: The Canadian Music Centre, 2022. [CMU]


Davis, T. Ryan. “Participation in the Pentecostal Liturgy: An Ecclesiology of the Prophethood of All Believers.” Doctor of Philosophy (Theology). University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK. Submitted 2021. Advisor: Wolfgang Vondey. Current position: Adjunct, Fresno Pacific University, Fresno, California.

Abstract. This thesis develops an ecclesiology of participation in Pentecostalism by utilizing the concept of the prophethood of all believers as a theological and hermeneutical device to articulate how the laity can fully take part in the ritual life of the church. {91} Pentecostalism as a liturgically diverse tradition composed of hierarchical and democratic types of churches that reflect both episcopal and non-episcopal ecclesiological models has created ambiguity in how the doctrine of the prophethood of all believers and the egalitarian nature of the church should be understood. Based on a perspective informed by pneumatology and Pentecost, this project provides a means to theologically convey how greater participation can take place in Pentecostal communities of worship through every believer’s empowerment with the Holy Spirit. The idea of the prophethood of all believers is projected onto the dominant rituals of the Pentecostal liturgy through an altar hermeneutic that allows for all members of the worshipping community to have a transformative encounter with God in dynamic fellowship with others. What results is a truly egalitarian view of church that directs entire communities of faith towards participation in Pentecost through the Spirit. Through critical analysis of and constructive theological engagement with the Pentecostal liturgy, the chapters of this thesis contribute to a better understanding of what is meant by “the altar” in the rites of Pentecostal worship.

Edmonds, Keith A. “Examining the Impact of Internal and External Frame of Reference Comparisons in Physical Activity Contexts.” Doctor of Philosophy (Experimental Psychology). University of Toledo, Toledo, Ohio. Submitted 2022. Advisor: Jason P. Rose. Current position: Adjunct, Fresno Pacific University, Fresno, California.

Abstract. People often use comparative information to better understand themselves and their standing in the world. Such comparisons influence self-evaluations, impact emotions, and direct future goal pursuit. Prior research has found that comparative information based on external (i.e., social) frames of reference may be particularly influential in the context of health-relevant behavior change. However, few studies have examined the use and impact of internal frames of reference, such as comparing one’s current health to the past (i.e., temporal comparisons) or comparing one health-related domain (e.g., exercise) to a second domain (e.g., diet, i.e., dimensional comparisons). The present research aimed to explore the similarities and differences between internal and external comparisons within physical activity contexts. First, a cross-sectional Pilot Study was conducted to establish that both internal and external frame of reference comparisons were associated with physical activity-related outcomes. Next, to assess the causal impact of such comparisons, we conducted two pre-registered experimental studies {92} ( that utilized between-subjects designs wherein MTurk participants (total N = 533) made either upward or downward social, temporal, or dimensional comparisons about engaging in physical activity-related behaviors. Following our comparison manipulations, participants then reported self-evaluations, affective reactions, and behavioral intentions about physical activity-related behaviors. Study 2 replicated and extended the results of Study 1 using specific rather than general comparison targets (e.g., typical American vs. best friend, 2 years ago vs. 2 months ago, eating a healthy diet vs. endurance). Results across all three studies were consistent with our first overarching hypothesis, which stated that downward (upward) comparisons would result in more (less) favorable self-evaluations. In addition, results partially supported our hypothesis that downward (upward) comparisons would result in more (less) favorable affective reactions (Studies 1 and 2). Of the three studies presented, only the Pilot Study fully supported our hypothesis regarding behavioral intentions. Specifically, results revealed a negative association between comparative judgments and intentions, such that lower comparative judgments (i.e., upward comparisons) were associated with greater intentions, whereas higher comparative judgments (i.e., downward comparisons) were associated with lower intentions. Given that suboptimal adherence to physical activity behaviors has both clinical and public health significance, this research has implications for feasible and low-cost interventions aimed at increasing such behavior.

Gill, Mary Peyton Cauthorn. “The Impact of Mindfulness on Communication With Health Care Providers for Older Adult Quilters.” Doctor of Philosophy (Social Work). Walden University, Minneapolis, Minnesota. Submitted 2022. Advisor: Dorothy Scotten. Current position: Assistant Professor of Social Work, Tabor College, Hillsboro, Kansas.

Abstract. Active aging plays a pivotal role in countering the effects of multimorbidities and enhancing mental and physical well-being of individuals. Prior research supports the benefits of mindfulness, a key component of active aging, in enhancing older adults’ physical and mental health, but the effect of mindfulness on older adults’ communication with medical social workers and other health care providers has not been studied. The purpose of this phenomenological qualitative study was to gain a better understanding of how older quiltmakers experienced mindfulness and how this affected their communication with their health care providers. The study, which {93} drew from empowerment theory, included eight women and one man in East Central Kansas who were 65 and older, lived independently, and quilted. The participants engaged in interviews that were transcribed and coded to identify key themes. One of the themes that emerged was connection to others. Although all of the participants reported that quilting enhances communication with others, only half of the respondents perceived that quiltmaking increased communication with their healthcare providers. The other themes that emerged were creating and mental health. Through this research, older adults can gain an understanding of the importance that hobbies or engaging in other interests can potentially provide a means to practice mindfulness and communicate with others. This can possibly improve mental and physical health. This study affirmed the importance of connection with others, productivity, and the feeling of well-being that can be generated through quiltmaking.

Mininger, Vanessa R. “One and Done: An Instrumental Case Study of Administrative Turnover in a Private Christian School.” Doctor of Education. Baylor University, Waco, Texas. Submitted 2022. Advisor: Sarah Smitherman Pratt. Current position: Adjunct, Fresno Pacific University, Fresno, California.

Abstract. In this instrumental case study, I investigated the factors leading to school administrators’ high attrition rates at a small private Christian school in central California. Across the United States, only 35% of public-school K-12 administrators had been at their school for more than two years as of 2019 (Levin & Bradley, 2019). According to Truss (2019), 25% of public-school administrators leave their position in California each year. However, there have been 14 different administrators in this school’s top three administrative positions in the last ten years, with the average tenure being 14 months. Therefore, this study examines and describes the lived experiences of six of the school’s former administrators, including my own, to determine common themes that led to their departure after a short tenure. I reviewed previous research on factors leading to administrative turnover to demonstrate the need for the study. This research indicated several common factors among public and private school administrators that influence their decisions to leave a school, such as salary, student achievement, years of experience, training, stress, governance systems, and a hidden curriculum. Using an instrumental case study structure, I conducted interviews with five former administrators and documented my own experiences to facilitate an understanding of the factors that led to {94} each administrator leaving the school after a short tenure. Then, using Farley-Ripple et al.’s (2012) push and pull theory and themes discovered through the literature review, I discovered commonalities among the participants’ experiences that pointed to a dysfunctional board structure and general governance practices that pushed away eleven administrators in the last ten years. The study results inform best practices to increase administrative retention at this private Christian institution. Subsequently, the results can serve as a model for private Christian school boards when determining best practices for hiring and retaining administrators and their governance practices. These results point to a need for private Christian school boards to make significant changes in governance structures if they want to stop the current turnover rates of administrators.

This bibliography includes publications of faculty, emeriti, and students of schools that sponsor Direction, identified as follows:

  • Canadian Mennonite University (CMU)
  • Columbia Bible College (CBC)
  • Fresno Pacific Biblical Seminary (FPBS)
  • Fresno Pacific University (FPU)
  • MB Seminary (a.k.a., Mennonite Brethren Biblical Seminary Canada) (MBS)
  • Tabor College (TC)

In cases of multiple authors where one author is not from a sponsoring school, the name of the author of interest is set in bold type.